methodology

This site provides information on more than 70 age related legislations in 22 countries across the region Central Eastern Europe and Commonwealth of Independent States (CEE/CIS). The information on minimum ages is based on national laws and policies, as well as State Party Reports to the Committee of Experts on the Rights of the Child (commonly referred to as CRC), as well as other internationally recognised sources of data, including the Inter-Parliamentary Union, World Health Organization, and UNESCO.

The core of the research is to provide information on national legal frameworks regarding specific age requirements. The primary source of data is national legislation and policies, with additional sources utilised when necessary. In the table view the full data set is available for download, including information on the sources.

Data was collected by a team of researchers between February–April 2016 and later reviewed by UNICEF country offices. The last update of legal changes taken into account is spring 2016.

Information on the three countries in the region that are members of the European Union, namely Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania, has kindly been provided by the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA). It was collected by their interdisciplinary research network FRANET. The contribution of FRA is gratefully acknowledged. The data provided by FRA is provisional (August 2016).

In addition to the age, a notation system has been used to capture additional information, on when e.g. consent of parents is required, on the conditions and situations in which children can act in their own right, without requirement of consent, as well as on exceptions to the general rule for specific age requirements.





Notation system

Notation Definition
10 Fixed minimum age
10+ Lower minimum age set. Additionally the child needs to prove capacity. Consequently, 0+ indicates that no lower minimum age set, only the capacity of the child is considered.
10* Lower minimum age set. Additional parental consent or court approval required.
10' Exceptions apply. Please see the full table, available for download, for details.
< Indicates “younger than”.
> Indicates “older than”.
n.a. Stands for not applicable and is used when there is no minimum age legislation because the relevant institution does not exists (i.e. no candidacy age for upper house for unicameral political systems and for drafting in countries which do not have mandatory military service).
== Indicates that no specific minimum age legislation could be found, and the assumption is that it is set at the same age as the related or overarching minimum age. For example:
• legal emancipation through marriage (as age of majority)
• legal emancipation through employment (as age of majority)
• part-time work (as full-time work)
• child / youth organisation (as child or youth organisation)
• minimum wage for under-aged workers (as for all workers)
xx Indicates that a right does not exist or a practice is not legal. For example, in the case of same-sex marriage or the right to information on the biological family.
( ) Exceptions to the general rule relating to the same minimum age data point.
[ ] Additional information on a minimum age for a similar, but not the same, data point.
unclear Cases where there are excerpts from legislation or policy but the specific age is unclear.
n.d. Indicated that no data could be found.